September 6

Robot Tech Warehouses And On-Demand Labour As Home Deliveries

Robot Tech Warehouses And On-Demand Labour As Home Deliveries

Many Australian tech households are now ordering groceries online, despite the lockdowns continuing across Australia. Coles and Woolworths are Australia’s two largest supermarkets. They have been racing to adopt new technology and change labour. Arrangements in order to keep up with the egrocery boom.

Both companies investing in smart warehousing systems and distribution systems that can be automate to various degrees. They also make extensive use of app-driven gig employees for grocery pick up and delivery. Through platforms like Uber and Airtasker.

According to my research, a redesign of Australia’s supermarket is underway. Coles and Woolworths will be follow by others. The pair are Australia’s largest private sector. Employers and their current moves could accelerate the trend towards precarious and on-demand labour.

Collaboration With Large Tech Companies

Coles and Woolworths overwhelm quickly when the pandemic struck Australia in March 2020. Massive delays caused by unprecedented demand to home deliver caused major delays. Online services were temporarily halt for five weeks in order to prioritize shoppers with special needs.

Since then, both supermarket giants have partnered with food delivery platforms in order to solve the last-mile problem of home delivery. This done by a precarious and on-demand network delivery drivers.

Woolworths and Uber have signed a deal to deliver one hour from select Metro stores in Sydney or Melbourne. The agreement was first trialled in 2020. The order will be pick up by Woolworths staff and pack and hand to an Uber driver. These drivers and the on-demand couriers Sherpa or Drive Yello deliver to thousands of Woolworths customers each week.

Coles believes that partnerships with the on demand economy are more important than ever. Quietly partnered with Airtasker in 2017, encouraging shoppers to list their grocery lists on auction, and having gig workers compete for the job.

Cole also launched a Netflix & Chill essentials range of ice creams, biscuits, and other snacks for UberEats delivery in 2019. These partnerships indicate that a strategy to restructure labour relations was in place before the pandemic.

Personal Shopper At The Supermarket Tech

A growing number of personal shoppers can be found in supermarkets picking up and packing orders for home delivery. They are employ by Coles and Woolworths and move around a multi-tier station with a scanner gun, measuring scales, touch screen, and weighing scales. Software decides how to pick multiple orders efficiently and dictates which items and bags to be pick, as well as the time it should take.

Another personal shopping is perform by plain-cloth gig workers who may use Airtasker to access their mobile phones and are not easily distinguish from other shoppers.

The Warehouse Is Being Reorganize By Global Tech Companies

Online grocery shopping has accelerate Coles and Woolworths development of fully or semi automate warehouses that can be coordinate with smart management systems. Both supermarkets have partnered with tech companies around the world to create state-of-the art warehouses worth billions of dollars. Some are expect to open as early as next year.

Coles has partnered with Ocado a UK software and robotics company, to develop two data-driven customer fulfilment centres in Melbourne and Sydney. They are schedule for opening in 2022. For now, autonomous picking robots will pick up items for human workers, who are more capable of scanning goods and packing them for delivery.

Ocado Smart Platform is the foundation of the system, software, apps and technology that manage online grocery orders. Woolworths has a different strategy for micro-fulfilment, which entails smaller, more centrally located warehouses that allow faster home delivery.

These are hybrid warehouse-supermarket facilities develope by US company Takeoff Technologies. These robots cannibalize floor space in retail stores to create a small warehouse with vertical racks, automation, picking robots, and other features. Robots can retrieve items and pack them for delivery, just like in Ocado. Two of these facilities have already been up and running. The second will open this week on Queensland’s Sunshine Coast.

Traditional Warehouses Are Close

These only two examples of the new automate warehouse systems that will replace traditional warehouses. Existing warehouses close, resulting in thousands of jobs being lost mostly unionize. It is not yet clear if the retrench workers would be transfer to automated sites. These sites will still require large numbers to function.

Tom Barnes, a sociologist, recently found that unionize warehouse workers who are retrench by automation are more likely to work in warehousing in less secure and lower-paying jobs. Simply put, unionize jobs that are lost are not retrenche elsewhere.

September 6

Learning From Home Testing Students Online Search Skills

Learning From Home Testing Students Online Search Skills

At the height COVID-19’s pandemic, more than 90% of the world’s students had to learn online search or at home. Students have become more dependent on the internet, which is already a valuable educational tool. Online searching is one of the most popular internet activities for students, in both school and at home.

Teachers and parents who are currently substitute teachers need to teach students how to search online. What can parents do for their children to help them search online when they given homework? What can parents do to help gifted students extend their work or extend the time they sent home?

Parents and teachers can influence a child’s internet skills. Their search success is directly related to how much adult guidance they receive and the explicit instruction they receive.

Research shows that not all teachers offer this explicit instruction. Many teachers have difficulty structuring and supporting students in online searches that require higher-order skills. There is even evidence that parents and teachers lack search skills.

You Should Be Able To Both Search To Learn And Learn To Search

The visibility of the invisible search processes improves online information-seeking for both students and teachers. Teachers, whether they are temporary or permanent, should create activities that bring the search process to the forefront. This helps students become more aware of the behind-the scenes process of a search, and how they can influence it.

What are some ways you could do this? One Queensland study asked students to sort 12 picture cards. The cards made so that three categories, animals, transport modes, and countries could be identify immediately.

The cards were easily sort into these categories by students. They were then ask to identify any other sorts, similar to Google doing every second of every single day. Students quickly assemble the cards by following the same pattern when kangaroo was place beside Australia.

The activity spark discussions about the many ways that not just 12 but 200 million cards and websites can be sort. It is a reminder to Google of the importance of clearly stating what you want, which will help it sort its 200 million websites.

Be More Critical Of Web Users

Sometimes educators assign tasks that are too complex for students. This can lead to millions of search results. Many of these tasks will likely be inaccurate or irrelevent. Teachers might also assign tasks to encourage students to use Google as an encyclopedia. This requires passive learning of lower order. Students should be encourage to think in higher order if we want them to succeed.

This can be done by setting clear requirements for students to work with. Ask them to locate one website from Australia and then add it. This could be especially interesting during the Ashes. Students might be told to locate sources before 2000, and other sources from the past 12 months. Select Tools then Any Time in the dropdown menu. Students are ask to find conflicting websites and describe their decision making process.

A search engine’s number of results can be use to help you determine the quality of your query. It also helps make it easier to find reliable information. Students report that they don’t often consider the number of search results and are not familiar with how to limit or increase these results. Parents and students in Australia home-schooling rank restricting/expanding search as the most difficult step in search.

After students have learned a bit more about Google’s website sorting algorithm, you can ask them to modify their query to change the order of the top five to ten results. You can challenge them to reduce the number of results (likely millions) to 10,000, 1,000, or ten.

Students explain that it is the end product or result of searching that is important and is what is grade. This shifts when tasks are structure and provide specific guidance and requirements. This allows students to focus on quality information gathering.

September 6

Great Australian Dream Planned Estates May Not Be Built

Great Australian Dream Planned Estates May Not Be Built

Our Australian research shows that the design and construction of new homes in Australia can leave residents at risk from heatwaves. Local councils are unable to address this problem.

Our research focused on Jordan Springs, Penrith in Western Sydney. The estate might not be able to withstand future heatwaves. This could put residents at risk and make them more dependent on expensive air conditioning.

Already, Australia is experiencing heatwaves. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned this month that heatwaves would become more intense, frequent, and prolonged.

Rising house prices in Australia’s largest cities are leading many to seek out more affordable housing options on the fringes of major cities. However, these estates could be unsustainable as heatwaves intensify without the intervention of local governments and councils.

Hot Temperatures Are Made Worse Australian

Jordan Springs, a planned housing estate that dates back to ten years, is located 7km from Penrith. The estate had 5,156 residents as of the 2016 Census. It is home to 1,819 residents, and the estate will grow to approximately 13,000 residents in 4,800 additional homes.

The Following Was The Result Of Our Research

Collecting secondary information about the region, such as climate forecasts and regional growth forecasts. Conducting interviews and surveys with residents, officials of government and councils, and scientists. Analyzing the physical heat exposure of the estate using aerial imagery and groundcover analyses.

Because there are no cooling breezes from the coast, the inland suburbs are much hotter than the ones on the coast. Penrith is 60km west Sydney’s central business area. Penrith has three times the number of days that Penrith sees above 30 than the CBD.

Jordan Springs complies with all building regulations. Individual homes also comply with the Building Sustainability Index (BASIX) of NSW. We found that the estate’s built environment is too hot and that it exposes residents to higher indoor temperatures. This highlights the need for better building design and planning regulations.

Our findings could be applicable to other planned estate developments in Australia and New South Wales. However, more research is required to confirm.

What We Found Australian

The estate has a minimum of 6m between homes and the nearest neighboring property. This prevents air flow and allows heat to build up during the day. This reduces the space available for vegetation.

The streets of the estate are wide, and the buildings are low. This allows for less shade and maximizes sunlight on roads, roofs and other hard surfaces.

Nearly 59% of Jordan Springs are heat-trapping hard surfaces such as asphalt and concrete. This is compared to 10% combined tree- and shrub cover. Lack of greenery can lead to heat accumulation.

Dark-coloured houses, roofs and the surrounding surfaces (such roads, walls, fences and fences), increase heat absorption. As an example, it has been shown that dark roofs are 20-30 degrees hotter than those with lighter colors (see the images below).

Last week, the NSW government recognized the dangers that dark roofs can pose in hot weather and announced that light-coloured roofs would be required in new homes in southwest Sydney.

We found that some Jordan Springs houses were poorly insulated, and even draughty. Many of these homes achieved a high BASIX star rating in terms of energy efficiency.

The Conversation asked Lend Lease for a response. A spokesperson for the company said that due to the technical nature the findings, the company could not provide an adequate response by the deadline.

A Persistent Australian Problem

The built environment can make it more dangerous for people to live in heatwaves. To beat the heat, many people turn on their air conditioners. This increases energy consumption and leads to higher electricity bills.

Hence, Why Is This Situation Still So Prevalent?

One councillor believes that developers are motivate by profit. He tells us:

The developers think only about themselves and their directors. I don’t believe the developer is eco friendly.

A Scientific Expert Australian Stated

People don’t want to build double bricks because it is too expensive. Instead, they want to move fast and make a profit.

Media reports have reported that private certifiers have signed off buildings that do not comply with planning guidelines in recent years. According to one local councillor, this could lead to homes that aren’t suitable for hot weather.

Even if they could enforce more stringent rules, councils risk losing developers’ interest and the associated financial benefits. Unsatisfied council officials stated that if one council had strict rules about heat and housing development, the other would not.

Developers are more likely than others to move there to build housing. It’s a delicate balance. We want growth and want to work with developers. But we also want to improve our current practices.

Many planned housing estates aren’t ready for the changing climate. Residents can take steps to ensure their estates and homes stay cool in hot weather.

Install heat-resistant features like blinds, shades, and awnings wherever possible to increase passive cooling. This will also reduce the dependence on air conditioners. Encourage communities to take part in estate-wide greening efforts by planting trees and shrubs in their gardens.

Developers and councils should make sure prospective residents are aware of the advantages of passive design, light-coloured materials and urban green spaces. This will help them make better decisions throughout the construction process

However, it is ultimately up to state governments and developers to ensure that future and current housing are heat-resilient. While it important to build new homes and return profits, citizens living in warmer countries must be taken seriously.